In recent years, we have found that students studying in the United States are getting younger and younger, and many parents choose to graduate from junior high school and let their children go to American high school.
There are private high schools and public high schools in the United States. My son Mike is now studying in a key public high school in the United States. The characteristics of American high school teaching can be summarized into the following three characteristics:
Three-level teaching management model
The management of public schools is carried out by the United States Department of Education, the state education department, and local education institutions. Most states adopt this three-level education management model.
State-level education policies are promulgated and implemented by school districts. School districts are based on counties or a combination of counties, but their boundaries may not be exactly the same as counties (in the United States, counties are the size of Chinese cities). Some school districts can include several prefectures (city or township level) and several primary school districts (townships are equivalent to China's districts).
Democratically elected board
The management of the local school district is chaired by the local school board, including public elementary and middle schools in the business scope. Since public schools are mainly paid by taxpayers, the school board members are democratically elected and they represent the public interest.
The power of the school board is limited to taxpayer-funded schools. Schools do not accept taxpayer funds, nor do they accept private funding. Religious and home schools do not need to adhere to the policies of local school boards (home school laws vary from state to state), and school principals are often accountable to local teacher unions.
For example, if there is a surplus in the budget for that year, the principal is not allowed to cut any teachers. Teacher unions can increase budget surpluses to ensure maximum teacher salaries and improve teacher welfare, and principals do not have the right to use excess budget to hire new teachers.
State government provides school funding
Public schools are mainly provided by the local government. Curriculum, funding, teaching and other policies are determined through locally elected school boards. The school district is a special area specially authorized by national laws and is the smallest unit to manage the school.
In general, state governments provide guidelines for setting up activities in all public primary and secondary schools, provide and guide funds and their use, and develop local school tax policies. The main source of school tax is property taxes, and federal government funding is only used to ensure that schools everywhere meet the minimum federal standards.
If a school's funding is not enough, the school district will raise funds on its own, or tailor activities, or move the resources of each school in the school district to achieve a break-even.
I live in a city with four key public high schools, three of which focus on science, and only one is a liberal arts. The three high schools focus on science. There is a default ranking, and they are often admitted according to the ranking each year. The best S High School naturally prioritizes the first six or seven hundred candidates with the highest scores in the city.
The year that his son Mike graduated from junior high school, it is said that there were about 100,000 freshman junior high school graduates in the city. Excellent city test results and the recommendation of school teachers are enough to apply for key high schools. Even so, there were still more than 20,000 reference students. The admission score of S high school that year was 550 points, and Mike even passed 689 points, which is almost the same as the full score of 710.
As a point of focus, S High School's annual education funding is more affluent than other schools, and teachers and teaching equipment are even more important. Because students are admitted to the top, every junior high school near their home was originally a top class student. Imagine how fierce the competition after entering S high school.
The proportion of Asians in key high schools has always been high. Other ethnic groups often give opinions. School admissions have been considered, and competition among Asian students has become more intense. Even so, the proportion of Asians in S high school is still about 60%.
In that year, Mike went to the better junior high school in the city, and his classmates were admitted to S High School by 24. Mike's score was the highest among them. In the four years of high school, his performance has remained within the top 50. His condition is relatively stable, and he is not too aggressive in his work. Although he is somewhat playful, our parents did not give him any pressure.
S high school will publish the student's results after the annual exam. Of course, the student's number is ranked, and the student's name is not announced. In this way, the student will be very clear about the school's performance ranking by the number. This method may be very motivating for those students who are in the leading position, but the psychological pressure caused by students who are lagging behind is also conceivable.
In S high school, there were high school students who were overwhelmed by the precedent of suicide by jumping off the building, which had a negative impact on students and parents. I know a student who had a son with him. After entering S high school, although I worked very hard, unfortunately my grades were not ideal, and I was at the bottom.
The student begged his mother to transfer him back to the ordinary high school near his home. Later, after listening to his mother's introduction, after returning to the ordinary high school, he recovered his confidence and kept ahead in the fast class. A lot of fun.
Every year, more than one-third of the six or seven hundred students who graduated from S high school enter the top 15 prestigious universities in the United States.
Harvard University, for example, enrolls about 20 to 25 students in S High School. According to the data published on the S high school web page, students admitted to Harvard University basically have a total SAT score of 2300 or higher, and the average GPA of high school in the past few years is also 97 or higher.
Of course, there are individual cases, like a classmate of my son, because of good baseball, school team members, professional level, although his SAT barely reached 2,000 points, the average GPA is only 80 points, but was robbed by many famous schools And eventually entered Harvard.
Most of the key high schools in the United States are often close to or adjacent to some famous universities. The same is true for S High School, where students can selectively go to college to attend classes.
Many of Mike's classmates went to university to do experiments or participate in research projects, and some of them achieved good results. Every year, Intel's competition list includes S High School students.
When he was in high school, Mike found a famous mathematics professor on the webpage of a university, and sent an e-mail to contact the professor. After several email exchanges, he met again and was allowed to follow the professor for two or three months of mathematics. Subject research. Although he did not achieve gratifying results in the end, he said that he learned a lot of knowledge that cannot be learned in school classrooms, especially the methods and methods of studying and studying.
Another advantage of S High School is that the school provides a variety of options for students, and each student can choose different levels and levels of courses according to their own abilities and learning progress.
When Mike was in high school, Mathematics and foreign languages have been in fast classes: When he entered the university, at the beginning of the school, the university did an assessment for each student. Mike's basic mathematics courses and foreign languages were all exempted, saving him a lot of time. Most students completed a degree in four years, and the assessment said that Mike could complete a double degree in three years.