In April of this year, the Ministry of Education issued the "Notice on Doing a Good Job Enrollment for General Colleges and Universities in 2019" (hereinafter referred to as "Notice") to comprehensively deploy this year's college enrollment work. The "Notice" mentioned, "To further improve the student's comprehensive quality file system ... Use the evaluation of student's comprehensive quality as an important reference for admissions and change the way of simply evaluating students based on test results." Since then, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Beijing and other regions have successively Start the new college entrance examination reform. As of now, 14 provinces and cities across the country have become pilots for comprehensive reform of the new college entrance examination.
Recently, at the GES2019 Future Education Conference's New College Entrance Examination Reform Roundtable Forum, Qin Chunhua, Dean of the Peking University Examination Research Institute and a researcher at the College of Education, stated that the focus of the college entrance examination reform is to take the healthy growth and success of students as the starting point and destination of the reform, and truly Take it seriously.
Why should comprehensive quality evaluation be started in the admissions process of college entrance examinations, what specific content, standards and quantitative assessments are included? How should schools promote comprehensive quality evaluation in the process of educating people, and how should students adapt to the changing needs of the new college entrance examination?
Implement multiple evaluations, not just fractional theory
The reform of the college entrance examination has always been “moving into the whole body”. The reform of the college entrance examination system is relatively large-scale, involving a wide range, and the task is very arduous. As a national pilot area in 2014, Shanghai and Zhejiang took the lead in launching the new college entrance examination reform. Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, and Hainan also joined the second batch of pilots in 2017, after which reforms have been rolled out across the country.
In December 2014, the Ministry of Education issued the "Opinions on Strengthening and Improving the Comprehensive Quality Evaluation of General High School Students", which clearly stipulates that the comprehensive quality evaluation mainly includes 5 aspects: ideology and morality, academic level, physical and mental health, artistic literacy, and social practice.
It is understood that the current comprehensive quality evaluation is the "reference" in the "two references and one reference" of the new college entrance examination reform. Shanghai and Zhejiang have established a unified comprehensive quality evaluation information management system, which is used as a reference for college admissions. Summative evaluation turns into process evaluation.
Xiong Bingqi, deputy dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, pointed out that this reform is to break the single scoring standard, change the "score-only" tendency in the traditional college entrance examination, establish a more diverse evaluation system, and use multiple rulers to "quantify" talents. Comprehensive quality evaluation is not to compare each student by "scoring", but to record the growth and characteristics of each student. It is a transition from "excellent level" to "personality display". The main method is based on the ratio of college entrance examination results and college interview results.
Guide comprehensive quality training
At present, there are more than a dozen provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the country that have not yet launched the new college entrance examination reform. It is quite interesting to see what model these provinces will adopt.
According to Xiong Bingqi, Shanghai ’s comprehensive quality evaluation admission reform method is to add a comprehensive quality evaluation admission batch before the college entrance examination, which can be accepted by 42 "double first-class" universities. Before the college entrance examination, an admissions brochure is issued. Apply for the comprehensive quality development situation. After reviewing the materials, the school will give the students comprehensive qualification evaluation and fill in the voluntary qualifications. After the results of the college entrance examination are announced, the qualified students will fill in the comprehensive quality assessment volunteers based on the college entrance examination scores and the status of voluntary reporting qualifications. Admission is based on the high school comprehensive quality evaluation, and the admitted students will no longer submit follow-up volunteers. This admission method is conducive to enriching the multiple evaluation system and guiding middle schools to attach importance to the cultivation of students' comprehensive qualities.
Xiong Bingqi further said that after the operation of this admission method is mature, it can further promote "schools to independently apply for performance requirements, and students who meet the performance requirements can independently apply for multiple universities, and universities can independently evaluate and accept, and a student can get multiple Admission letter then make a choice ". This fully implements school autonomy and expands student choice. Based on such an admission method, and then subject reform, the value will be fully reflected. Different universities and majors will independently propose different subjects and grades when enrolling students, and students will choose subjects and courses according to the requirements of universities and majors, combining their own interests and abilities.
With the advancement of quality evaluation, what should schools and students do? "High schools must attach importance to the cultivation of comprehensive qualities in their teaching, including organizing students to participate in more social practices, conducting public welfare activities, expanding students' horizons, and increasing training in expanding courses. And students obviously can't just pursue high scores for college entrance examinations. During middle school, he paid attention to his comprehensive quality development, including investing in social practice, participating in social welfare, participating in science and technology camps, and expanding capacity outside the school. "Xiong Bingqi said.
(Originally entitled "The new college entrance examination will use multiple rulers to" measure "talents)