1 Confusion of a high school student
Recently, a student was asking: We were in the liberal arts in high school. I chose science. Later, I did n’t understand physical biology. I really like geography and history. Would you like to transfer texts?
I like history and geography. I do n’t understand physics and biology. I really do n’t understand why I chose science. However, in the liberal arts, some students always follow the trend and choose science, because in the impression of everyone, students who choose liberal arts choose not because they like liberal arts, but because they do not learn science. Some people say more directly " Only those who study badly choose liberal arts. ”In fact, this kind of understanding is one-sided, and those who study science are not all good learners. There are also those who forcibly choose science for the sake of face, and those who study liberal arts.
It is said that liberal arts students are not good at employment, but once they are employed, it may be good. A science student said: "In the past, we assigned good grades and poor grades, good grades in good grades, college entrance examinations, science subjects, and poor grades in liberal arts. People who have poor grades now are basically civil servants and leaders with good grades. Learns science and mixes like a dog. "
The hardest part of science is physics! High school physics has a large amount of knowledge, abstract content, lack of knowledge, and high thinking requirements. This has caused a lot of headaches for many students. When studying mechanics in high school, it feels very difficult. When it comes to electricity and magnetism, it may appear completely inaudible. Understand the situation. Biology is not difficult for science students, and there are situations that do not understand, mainly individual chapters, such as genetics, but the knowledge of biology is trivial and requires a lot of memory, and the exam questions are becoming more and more flexible. easily.
If you can understand the class, it ’s just that the test is not good. It is generally related to the amount of questions you have done. If you do more, the foundation is solid, and you will naturally improve. But if you do n’t understand the class, then It has a lot to do with IQ and ability. At this time, it means that you are not suitable for science, and you can't even pass the university. What major are you talking about?
The tutoring book uses unified responses, and "Crazy 600 Score Notes" (delivered by Fujian Normal University) is the genuine one, which covers high school learning methods and learning techniques, analysis of wrong questions, and knowledge test sites, and it is necessary to quickly score points. I hope this will help you learn better.
When studying liberal arts, as long as they have a correct attitude and study hard, most of them can still pass the university. Students with good grades have a bright future in majors such as finance, law, foreign languages, and Chinese. For ordinary school students, it is the main force of civil servant examinations, and for liberal arts students, there are unique conditions for civil servant examinations, which are incomparable for many science students, so they have the kind of results mentioned by the science student above.
Thirty years ago, China urgently needed economic construction to be effective, so it was said that "learning mathematics, physics and chemistry, and not being afraid to travel all over the world." Today, many once brilliant industries have become sunset industries. It is not optional, its role is irreplaceable, and the society also needs complex talents, so the new college entrance examination reform will be carried out, so don't be affected by old ideas and affect your own development.
Therefore, as a teacher with more than ten years of experience as a liberal arts class teacher, I suggest that he transfer to the liberal arts as soon as possible!
What major does the liberal arts correspond to?
(Majors in applying for liberal arts students)
Main distribution of liberal arts majors
On the whole, the majors that liberal arts students can choose are mainly concentrated in eight disciplines , including philosophy, economics, law, education, literature, history, management, and art . There are about 230 professional recruiting liberal arts students.
Philosophy includes four majors: philosophy, logic, religion, ethics, etc. Philosophy is generally considered to be a liberal arts major, but there are also individual colleges that recruit science students.
Economics includes four major categories of economics, finance, finance, economics and trade, and 17 majors. There are many majors in both economics and Chinese, such as finance, finance, international economics and trade, and economics.
Law disciplines include six major categories, including law, politics, sociology, and ethnology, with a total of 32 majors. In recent years, law studies have been popular, and among them, many majors in law, sociology, and public security are both liberal arts and science.
Pedagogy includes 16 majors including education and sports. There are also a number of liberal arts majors.
Literature is a major enrollment of liberal arts students, including Chinese language and literature, foreign language and literature, and journalism and communication, with 76 majors. The Chinese language and literature, minor languages, journalism, radio and television, advertising, communication, and other majors that are well known belong to this category.
History includes six majors , including history, archeology, and cultural relics protection technology.
There are 9 major categories, including 46 majors, in business management, public management, and tourism management. It is also a large enrollment of liberal arts and sciences. Arts and science majors include: accounting, business management, marketing, financial management, public management, human resources management, and so on.
The majors of art include 5 majors including art, design, drama and film and television, with a total of 33 majors. Most majors in the arts are found in the arts professional directory. However, there are also some arts majors in some colleges and universities will recruit students in ordinary batches, such as drama film and television literature, radio and television director, animation and so on.
(Majors for Science Students)
Main distribution of science majors
The range for science students is much greater. Of the 12 disciplines in China's higher education , the four categories of science, engineering, agriculture, and medicine are basically science students. In the liberal arts majors, in addition to majors such as literature and history, most majors can also be liberal arts and science. There are 506 specialties in the "New Professional Catalog" issued by the Ministry of Education, of which there are 276 specialties in the four major categories of science, engineering, agriculture, and medicine, accounting for more than half of the total.
Four major categories for science students
The sciences are basically pure science majors, including 12 major categories including 36 majors in mathematics, physics, chemistry, astronomy, geography, and atmospheric science.
Engineering has a total of 31 major categories and 169 majors. It is the category that contains the most majors in all disciplines, and it is also a major recruiter of science students. High-tech, highly specialized, good employment professions such as electronic information, automation, computers, civil engineering, materials, energy and power, and aerospace all belong to this category.
There are 27 majors in 7 major categories including plant production, animal medicine, forestry, and aquaculture. Agronomy majors are recruiting science students. There are only a few majors such as gardening and horticulture. Some colleges have liberal arts programs. In the past two years, under the influence of the national environment, agronomy has shown a trend of warming up. Many agronomy majors have also become a focus of attention.
Medicine contains 11 major categories and 44 specialties. Many majors in the medical field have always been fiercely competitive and require high scores. Majors such as clinical medicine, stomatology, pharmacy, and anesthesia are popular among candidates.
Accepts economics and management majors favored by students
In addition to the four major disciplines of science, engineering, agriculture, and medicine , many majors in economics and management are more favored for science students. There are many majors that only recruit science students or both liberal arts and science. They can all be science students. Choice of focus. Such as finance, economics, financial engineering, investment, insurance, etc. in economics; information management and information systems, engineering management, agricultural economic management, land resource management, logistics engineering, etc. in management.
Many schools of law, sociology, and public security will put in some plans to recruit science students. In addition, some education and sports majors will also enroll in science.
[02 Economics] There are 10 majors in all majors: 020101 Economics, 020102 Statistical Economics, 020101K Finance, 020202 Taxation, 020301K Finance, 020302 Financial Engineering, 020303 Insurance, 020304 Investment, 020401 International Economy and Trade, 020402 Trade Economy
[12 Management] There are 12 majors in all majors: 120101 Management Science, 120102 Information Management and Information System, 120201K Business Administration, 120203K Accounting, 120204 Financial Management, 120206 Human Resources Management, 120207 Auditing, 120402 administrative management, 120406TK customs management, 120601 logistics management, 120702T standardized engineering, 120801 e-commerce
[05 Literature] 3 majors in [0503 Journalism and Communication]: 050302 Radio and Television, 050304 Communication, 050306T Network and New Media, and [0502 Foreign Language and Literature], including English, German, French, Language majors such as Japanese, Spanish, and Business English.
[07 Science] 4 majors in the categories: 070501 Geography Science, 070504 Geographic Information Science, 071101 Psychology, 071102 Applied Psychology
[08 Engineering] 4 majors in the category: 080205 industrial design, 080906 digital media technology, 081602 clothing design and engineering, 082803 landscape garden.
[09 Agriculture] 090502 Gardening Major in the category.
New College Entrance Examination
Based on Beijing and Shandong's 2020 guidelines for enrolling majors in colleges and universities, we will analyze the relationship between the selected subjects and majors. Let ’s take Shandong as an example to see how the requirements for each major's admissions and electives are-as the current subject reference. Must see for liberal arts and high school students who are not good at physical chemistry!
University majors are divided into 12 major categories: literature, history, philosophy, economics, management, law, education, science, engineering, medicine, agriculture, and military science.
1. The majors of open subjects are mainly focused on:
1.Languages and Literature: Minority languages, Japanese, French, Russian, etc.
2. Art design, calligraphy, performance film, etc. Most of this kind of art is enrolled in arts.
3. Philosophy: Philosophy, Religion, Sociology
4. Economics: Finance, Economics, International Economy and Trade, Insurance (Risk Management and Insurance), Finance, Resource and Environmental Economics, etc.
6. Pedagogy: art education, preschool education, primary education, pedagogy
2. History subjects must be selected for history subjects
3. Physics must be selected: If you want to study science, engineering, medicine, agriculture, architecture, information technology, computers, etc., you must choose physics.
4. Medical biology, etc., most colleges must take physics / chemistry / geography
Now many people tell you that physics is required. If you do n’t choose, you ca n’t choose many majors. This sentence is true, but what about some high school students ’physics is really bad. What majors are not limited to majors? ? We still take Shandong, which has published the latest selection guidelines, as an example-
Majors from Beijing universities enrolling in Shandong
(The form has been removed from minor languages, arts, and the majors that are not limited to elective subjects)
click to view bigger image
Majors of Hebei universities enrolling in Shandong are not limited to majors
(The form has been removed from minor languages, arts, and the majors that are not limited to elective subjects)
click to view bigger image
As can be seen from the figure, basically the majors are not limited to the majors, but they are also focused on studying the ones I said at the beginning. Then the pure liberal arts majors and high school students who are not good at physical chemistry should choose schools and majors in advance, or You can use your strengths!
Myths about science
At the current stage, in the provinces that have not implemented the college entrance examination reform, many high schools require students to choose arts and sciences in the junior semester, and in the provinces that implement the college entrance examination reform, the "6 out of 3" and "3 + 1 + 2" selection systems are online because Too many people are comparing liberal arts and science subjects, and many high school students are confused: what should I choose?
In fact, there are many misunderstandings about the knowledge of the arts and sciences. To a certain extent, many high school students have been misled. Therefore, today we will interpret them one by one for everyone.
Misunderstanding 1: Liberal arts are easier to learn and score than science.
Many parents and classmates choose the liberal arts because the science is hopeless, the mathematics, physics and chemistry are not understood, and the liberal arts are easy to learn, then choose the liberal arts (the traditional liberal arts and sciences and "6 out of 3" in the new college entrance examination have this situation) . In the province where the new college entrance examination is implemented, the proportion of students who choose to take the liberal arts is significantly higher than that of the sciences, which illustrates this problem.
In fact, liberal arts are not as simple as imagined by parents and students.
Let me tell you, the liberal arts do need a lot of memory, but endorsement is not enough.
The ability of the liberal arts college entrance examination consists of literacy, understanding, and application from low to high . It can be seen that literacy is only the most basic requirement for studying liberal arts, and the difficulty of understanding and applying it is mostly . If you do n’t see him, the results of the college entrance examination can explain the problem. How many students have 260+ in the college entrance examination? How many students in Wenzao 240+? However, the scores of liberal arts in college entrance examinations in various provinces are generally higher than those of science.
From the perspective of the learning process , science has the possibility of rapid breakthroughs, but what about liberal arts? Liberal art students have a lot of knowledge to learn and a lot of exercises to do. Except for the theoretical knowledge that the teacher has finished telling you, the rest is entirely your own decision. The method of grading the liberal arts students is plain. There is no way, only one word: hard work.
How to improve language performance? How to write a composition to 50 points +? How to read classical Chinese? There is only one answer to these questions-read more, do more, and recite. When you memorize the necessary topics, real words, empty words, and sentence idioms to wake you up in the middle of the night, you can all go back and forth. Modern writing and poetry reading questions are always soft, reading books and seeing the fire go into the magic, classic composition back to the tongue sore you know The answer is.
How to test 120 or more in English? The word grammar in textbooks doesn't go so far as to be familiar. Never ask such naive questions.
How do you get high marks in politics, history and places? You know the answer when you have textbooks burred, rotten, and beyond recognition.
The admission score line for a province is determined by a combination of factors such as the number of candidates, the difficulty of the test questions, and the number of students admitted. It has nothing to do with the liberal arts exams. Under normal circumstances, liberal arts scores are higher than those of science, because there are fewer liberal arts candidates and fewer admissions (generally three to one). The admission score of the liberal arts at the top universities is lower than that of the sciences, because many liberal arts colleges can get more than 260, but few candidates in the liberal arts can pass 230.
Judging from college admissions , the life of the liberal arts is even harder. The number of colleges and universities majoring in science and engineering majors is significantly larger, and the admission opportunities for students are much higher than non-technical majors. Taking Shandong Province in 2018 as an example, universities and colleges have put 165,543, 46,800 undergraduate programs in science and engineering, and literature and history in Shandong province, while 272,820 and 144,600 candidates for science, engineering, and literature, respectively, have applied for science, technology, and literature and history. The undergraduate admission rates of the candidates in this category are 60.7% and 32.4% respectively. The minimum control line for admission to the liberal arts is 70 points higher than that of the sciences. Candidates applying for the liberal arts and history majors are much more difficult than those applying for science and engineering.
Myth 2: Science does not need to be endorsed?
Many parents and classmates think that science is not like liberal arts and does not require endorsement .
High school chemistry and biology are called "liberal arts in science". There are many knowledge points to memorize . When physics comes to electromagnetics, it takes a long time to analyze the force alone. These require a lot of memory.
"Chemistry is a science of memory plus experiment." Students who do well in chemistry are mainly because they have mastered the chemistry of chemistry, and they are able to memorize chemistry knowledge efficiently and easily. Although chemistry belongs to science, there is really a lot to learn. The major properties of elements, chemical reactions, chemical equations, and so on all require you to master through memory. But is rote learning useful? A process of the 2018 new curriculum standard 3 is an equation about potassium hydrogen iodate, and it seems that it has not been learned. But in fact, you have learned it since you were a freshman. The reaction of sodium bicarbonate and sodium hydroxide feels that many students stay in the recitation stage and do not understand the principles, so they will not be flexible.
"Deadback" is the characteristic of chemistry learning. The purpose of "deadback" is to master the content of chemistry learning, to be familiar with the relevant knowledge, to prepare for the exam, and to reduce the points lost due to careless omission. "Utilization" requires that on the basis of "dead back", the corresponding mastery of knowledge can be integrated, improve the ability to solve problems, solve skills, and speed of solving problems.
The most basic things of biology are actually a bit like liberal arts, and the knowledge is very trivial and a lot, it needs to be memorized and memorized! In order to learn biology well, the basic knowledge of memory and understanding is a prerequisite. It is believed that the memory here, like the memory of chemistry, physical principles and formulas, needs to be based on deep understanding. However, due to the large amount of teaching content, rapid advancement, and large-scale span in biology, we must strive to achieve a deep understanding, accurate memory, and accurate description of concepts in the entire process of studying biology.
In addition, the liberal arts are not just endorsements. The comprehensive ability required by the liberal arts is also relatively high. Sometimes a problem can span thousands of years, and it involves geographical and political issues in countries around the world. This requires a strong analysis of the problem. Ability and broader knowledge.
Myth 3: Are liberal arts majors? Are sciences well employed?
Regardless of liberal arts and sciences, there are popular majors, such as financial media in the liberal arts, and information engineering in the sciences; there are also unpopular majors, such as historical philosophy in the liberal arts, and geology and archeology in the sciences. According to the "2019 China College Student Employment Report" (Employment Blue Book) released by Max, chemistry, law, and history all belong to the employment red card specialty. It is pointless to compare arts and sciences directly.
Many parents and students believe that science and engineering students have better employment prospects than liberal arts, so they must choose science.
In fact, future employment trends are difficult to predict, and both reading arts and sciences are at risk for employment. Both liberal arts and sciences have broad development space, and the future future depends on your own.
In addition, liberal arts students in the college entrance examination are not limited to pure literature majors. There are also many liberal arts majors to choose from.
The premise of good science employment is also to "learn well". If you are not good in science, just for college employment that is still inaccurate now, and blinding to the general public but suppressing your personality will only lead to unsatisfactory college entrance examination results. Can't make it through, how can we talk about employment prospects?
In the final analysis, whether or not you want to take a college exam or find a job is not easy, and it all depends on your personal strength and ability. Even if it is an unpopular major, if you learn well, you still have a good future; similarly, even if you are a hot major, if you learn a mess, it is also difficult to find a job. Therefore, the key issue is not whether the liberal arts or science is better, but whether it is more suitable for liberal arts or science.
Among some "eating crowds" who don't know the truth, the popular opinion is that there is no future for arts! The first is because it is too difficult to improve the results. The college entrance examination does not affect the future university entrance, and even if the university entrance examination, because there is no one skill, it will be difficult to gain a foothold in society in the future.
This view is actually one-sided. The current college entrance examination system for liberal arts and sciences has been implemented for more than 20 years, and it certainly has its rationality. Whether science or science, they alone cannot determine a person's future development prospects. The choice of them only affects the choice of universities, and since then their own future and fate can only be controlled by themselves.
The choice of science does not mean that the employment area must be wide; the choice of liberal arts also does not predestinate a college student to lose his job. The phenomenon of emphasizing light text has always existed, but the development of society is becoming more and more diversified, and the demand for talents is increasing. As long as you have the strength, you can find your own place in society, whether it is studying text or theory.
Judging from the college entrance examination in recent years, despite the difference in the admission ratio of arts and sciences, the total enrollment is still quite large. Regardless of essay or theory, high school students have greater opportunities for further studies. I think the key is how to quickly adapt to the learning requirements of the liberal arts after students choose.
Myth 4: Should girls study liberal arts? Boys must study science?
At present, there is a very common phenomenon. In high Chinese science subjects, boys are partial and girls are partial . There are more than fifty students in a liberal arts class. There are only a dozen boys. They are absolute "vulnerable groups." How do you view the phenomenon of "yin and yang" in the liberal arts class? Is it because girls are more suitable for liberal arts? Girls are more inclined to think in terms of cognition. They have strong sensibility and insight, and have the advantage of expression. It is normal for them to choose liberal arts, while boys tend to focus on natural sciences, like technology research, development and innovation, analysis, and judgment. Strong, logical thinking is developed, the choice of science is also common sense.
However, there is no absolute boundary between the two, and the key is that the above-mentioned depends on the personal interests of students and the tendency to learn personality. How to find and discover your strengths, talents and abilities? It depends on how the students feel about the subject. Maybe this student feels particularly good about a certain subject, or the effect obtained with the same time or a small amount of time is equivalent to or better than the effect of spending more time on tuition in other subjects, which indicates that this student has the specialties and Ability, at the same time, we should consider which department can better play and promote their own specialty development. Some boys who choose science may be more outstanding if they are in a liberal arts class where women are born.
Of course, it is undeniable that girls mature earlier and learn more diligently and carefully. Some boys feel boring about the liberal arts, especially memorizing, reading, memorizing, etc. This situation will make girls better in liberal arts learning. Boys have some advantages. At present, girls prefer liberal arts majors such as language and literature. This is not because girls lack creative thinking and scientific abilities, but because this part is missing from girls' education. Many people think that these should be done by boys.
Misunderstanding 5: Is it absolutely right to follow the "Big Army"?
1. The phenomenon of "grass wall" does not have its own opinion. Many parents do not interfere with their children's choice of subjects, and the children thought that it would be right to follow the army. They did a liberal arts branch or "6 out of 3" selection, which is actually a typical blind selection.
2. According to the traditional concept, think which subject is promising in the future. Things are changing. In the early 1990s, few people majored in computer science and office automation. The reason was that they were not available after learning, but within a few years, the above majors became hot majors, and now the computer majors are in surplus. The metallurgical foundry, metal material engineering, mechanical design and manufacturing majors that have been left out in the past have become popular majors. The legal profession, which was very popular in the past, has become a difficult profession.
3, learning attitude is not good, think that any subject save effort is good to choose which subject.
4. Emotional impulse, choose a subject for a good friend or reluctant to the original class and class teacher.
5. Select subjects according to parents' requirements, and be angry with their parents. Parents want me to learn science, I prefer to study literature. These are all manifestations of blindly choosing subjects.
to sum up:
It goes without saying that whether it is the division system or the "6 selections 3" and "3 + 1 + 2" selection system, in fact, it also greatly affects the direction of students' career choice in the future. Therefore, when choosing subjects, parents should guide them, ask their children what they want to do in the future, what they are interested in, and let the children think deeply and independently.
The key question is how can candidates adapt to the learning requirements of the corresponding subject after selection. The teacher urged that parents should only play the role of a staff officer when helping their children to choose subjects, and they can help the children to make an objective analysis of the pros and cons of various situations. However, don't force your child to choose a voluntary that they don't like, let alone arrange for it instead, and impose their own wishes on the child.
Don't be too utilitarian in choosing subjects, and don't come at the expense of life's happiness and future. Everyone has their own hobbies and strengths and weaknesses. Only when the hobbies and the advantages of the discipline are combined can they realize their maximum potential, and only by linking their choices to future development. The choice is wise.
Rather than be persuaded by prejudice and so-called reality, it is better to stay calm and stick to what you like. Whether a tree can grow into a tree does not fully depend on where it is planted or where it sprouts. The seed itself is also important. When you go to college, you have to work tirelessly to graduate and apply for a job; when you work, you have to make a half-life to support your family. And only the high school, only the college entrance examination, is so pure and so unswerving.
The sweat on your eyebrows must be the same as the tears under your eyebrows. If you do n’t have a history of struggle in your eyes when you think of it, your life will be alive. Now that you have chosen a distance, you only care about the wind and rain!